Without progress to prevent child marriage, the number of girls married as children will double by 2050, and Africa will surpass South Asia as the region with the highest number of child brides in the world. My husband had an affair. However, the largest number of child brides live in South Asia, where 46 percent of girls are married before the age of 18. The infant mortality rate is 60% higher when the mother is under the age of 18 years. According to the , approximately 17% of girls under the age of 15, and some as young as 12 years old, are forced into marriage with would-be husbands for a price on average of 20 to 40 cows.
Girls around the world deserve to live full childhoods, go to school, be free of the violence and negative health consequences associated with child marriage, and choose—for themselves and without violence or coercion—when and whom they marry. Child marriage is a truly global problem that cuts across countries, cultures, religions and ethnicities. Why not to our blog? South Sudan has sunk to one of the lowest rankings in terms of its treatment and its protection of the rights of its women and girls. Government Care About Ending Child Marriage? We must move from vulnerability to voice and leadership. Furthermore, this paper will bring the possible solution for the reduction or elimination of child marriage especially in terai region of Nepal. In some parts of Ethiopia, although the legal age of marriage is 15 years, 50% of younger girls are married, and in Mali, 39% of younger girls are married.
If they refuse to marry whom has chosen as their husband, they are subject to beatings and even murder by their own fathers of male siblings. Forced Child Marriages — Against the Law Marriage is a contract and consent a requirement. Worsen health of girls due to maximum workload at home i. In 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child defined children as persons under the age of 18 years. The reports that 88 percent of countries have 18 as the minimum marriageable age, but allow younger children to marry with parental consent.
If I had gone to secondary school, I would get a good job. Adolescent pregnancy outside of marriage, or the fear that adolescent girls will get pregnant, helps fuel child marriage. Some girls realize that survival requires embracing their new environment and proving their fertility. It is a common thing today to find a prevalence of such practices widespread in several parts of the world particularly in Africa, Asia, and South America. Pregnancy not only increases the risk of acquiring malaria, but pregnant girls under the age of 19 have a significantly higher malaria density than pregnant women over the age of 19.
B Percentage of women aged 20 to 24 years married before age 18. There are approximately around the world today who were married as girls; a third of them were married before their 15th birthdays. According to the research of scientist Tom Griffiths and journalist Brian Christian, co-authors of , 26 is the perfect age to get married. When Anita and her mother objected to the marriage, her father became angry and beat both of them, stating that he had already accepted dowry for the marriage. African leadership is essential for harnessing this attention to effectively prevent and eliminate child marriage. Many countries fail to criminalize marital rape, and even when it is a crime, child brides have little ability to seek help.
Giving a child a voice remains the most importance goal. And beyond policy and legislation, what else needs to be done to stem the tide? The results of the study suggest that child marriage is significantly associated with a history of rapid repeat childbirth, current modern contraceptive use, female sterilization, not using contraception before first childbirth, pregnancy termination, unintended pregnancy, and inadequate use of maternal health services, although the associations are not always consistent across countries. Complications in labor are exacerbated where emergency obstetric services are scarce, as is the case in many countries across the continent. She said her teachers took her to a medical clinic to undergo a pregnancy test. It increases the risk for depression, sexually transmitted infection, cervical cancer, malaria, obstetric fistulas, and maternal mortality.
In South Sudan, Anyier D. Halted Education My father refused me to go to school. People with knowledge of the plans and marriage, but did not report the marriage, could also receive a 10-year sentence. Without a dowry, no any marriage. By not going to school, it reduces the risk of being sexually active outside the house or being harassed while commuting.
Most of these marriages are arranged by parents, and girls rarely meet their future husband before the wedding. Marriage before the age of 18 is a fundamental violation of human rights. However, since its inception, South Sudan has been plagued with an ongoing civil war, a government fraught with corruption, and widespread poverty and starvation that has caused massive displacement of its citizens. Poor access to quality education can also contribute to child marriage: when schools are too expensive, far, or poor quality, many families may pull their daughters out, leaving them at greater risk of marriage. A younger girl can also be more easily controlled and shaped into an. South Africa has committed to eliminate child, early and forced marriage by 2030 in line with of the Sustainable Development Goals.